:: Volume 1, Issue 3 (11-2020) ::
WESC 2020, 1(3): 0-0 Back to browse issues page
Investigating the role of social networking and learning on women's intention of childbearing during the COVID_19
Nouredin Farash * 1, Negar Ramazi2
1- Faculty of Social Sciences,Tehran University ,Tehran,Iran
2- Faculty of Social Sciences, Kharazmi University,Tehran,Iran
Abstract:   (260 Views)
Aims & Backgrounds: People's decisions about having children are influenced by both personal characteristics and related contextual factors, as well as the characteristics and behaviors of other people. The recent crisis of the Coronavirus has had many consequences for social life. The structure and functions of the family change during the time of the Corona Restrictions and have consequences on the decisions of each member of the family.
 Methodology: The method was survey and data collected using questionnaire with a sample size of 398 Tehrans married women, aged between 15-49 years old, who were selected by multi-stage sampling
Findings: The results showed that the average ideal fertility of women is 1.92 and the average number of children of women in Tehran is 1.45 children. 22.2% of the women in the sample reported being infected with the Corona virus.
24.1% of people intend to have a child (another child). The results of logistic analysis showed the effect of age, employment and education on the intention to have children. COVID-19 has also entered people's daily lives and influenced their intention to have children. The components of social support (financial, emotional and counseling support), social pressure and social learning have a significant effect on the likelihood of having children. Economic problems during the Corona virus also have a significant inverse effect on women's intention to have children.
Conclusion: Fertility behaviors are influenced by socio-economic, cultural and demographic backgrounds of society. Iranian women modify their attitude towards childbearing and even shape it in their social networks.
Keywords: Social network, Coronavirus, intention of childbearing, women
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2021/03/15 | Accepted: 2020/11/21 | Published: 2020/11/21

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